The Importance of Aviation Education and Training

Shortly after the first powered flights in the early 20th century, aviation education and training emerged as a distinct discipline. Its origins can be traced back to France, but the United Kingdom and Germany were also instrumental in its development. In the United States, notable visionaries such as Octavius Chanute and Daniel Guggenheim spurred swift transformation. Despite significant advancements in this field during World Wars I and II, the significance of civil institutions increased during the second half of the 20th century. The objective of competency-based training and evaluation programmes is to produce qualified personnel capable of sustaining an efficient and secure air transportation network. A description of an aviation professional’s performance in the specific operational and environmental context is required to focus training and evaluations on how the professional is expected to perform satisfactorily on the job.

Everyone who works on or near aircraft must have extensive technical training that equips them with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to handle the responsibility of aircraft management. These courses cover management, finance, electrical and mechanical engineering, computer and network engineering, aerospace engineering, air transportation, rescue and fire fighting, search and rescue, aviation maintenance, air traffic control, air traffic management, and airport management, as well as other pertinent technical topics.

Success in the aviation industry necessitates a unique set of skills, in addition to a significant amount of education and experience. Since the airline industry is responsible for guaranteeing the safety and comfort of its passengers, training and development have assumed an important role in this sector. In the airline industry, for instance, training employees helps them to provide superior customer service; therefore, educating them is crucial to the bottom line. Professionals in the aviation industry, such as pilots, air traffic controllers, maintenance specialists, and airport administrators, must complete extensive training and education to ensure the protection of the public and the efficient operation of the airport and aircraft. This article will examine the benefits of investing in aviation-related education and training for both the aviation industry and the general population.

Education and training in aviation is the initial and most important step in making the airways a secure place to travel. Aviation professionals must have a comprehensive understanding of aviation law, regulation, and procedure to keep passengers and crew members safe and reduce the likelihood of accidents. Pilots, for instance, must undergo extensive training in flight techniques, navigation, weather patterns, and emergency protocols to effectively deal with unanticipated events. Air traffic controllers must have a comprehensive knowledge of airspace, communication protocols, and aircraft operations to manage air traffic and prevent accidents.

In addition, aviation training and teaching are essential to ensuring the continued reliability and safety of air travel. New technologies, operating processes, and safety requirements are sometimes implemented in the aviation business. Professionals in the aviation business have an obligation to remain current on emerging technologies in order to protect the well-being of those who fly, including passengers and crew members. Specialists, such as those listed above, are required to get consistent training on the most recent aircraft systems and maintenance techniques in order to keep aircraft in perfect shape.

Education and training programmes in the aviation sector are also crucial factors in playing a part in defining the future of the business. The aviation sector must evolve to meet the growing demand for air travel and take advantage of the new possibilities it presents. In order to improve safety, efficiency, and sustainability, innovative solutions are needed, and the only people who have the necessary expertise and experience to give such solutions are professionals. Students who are now enrolled in aviation degree courses have a better opportunity of becoming innovators and leaders of the aviation sector in the years to come.

Those who have the education and training necessary to work in the aviation industry have a wide variety of job prospects available to them. There are a variety of careers available in the aviation industry, some of which include operating aircraft, controlling air traffic, working as a technician or engineer, and more. These occupations provide workers with some of the best salaries, perks, and possibilities for advancement that the market has to offer. In addition, a job in aviation may open doors to different communities and introduce you to interesting people. Aviation education and training may assist the general people by improving the safety and ease of air travel. Passengers may have a stress-free ride from check-in to landing provided the flight crew follows tight safety measures. Additionally, well-trained aviation employees may improve the efficiency of air travel, which in turn reduces the amount of time passengers are required to wait for their flights and improves the overall passenger experience.

Without a significant commitment to aviation education and training, the aviation industry cannot ensure its sustained success, efficacy, and public safety. For keeping up with the ever-evolving needs and challenges of the aviation industry, the industry requires trained and educated professionals. The aviation industry is a fascinating and expanding career field, and aviation education programmes can provide students with the necessary information and training. In addition, the public may obtain the benefits of aviation education and training in the form of safe, dependable, and productive air travel. In ensuring a prosperous future for the industry and the general public, it is vital to invest in aviation education and training programmes.

In light of the recent COVID-19 outbreak, the use of virtual reality (VR) for training purposes has increased in significance due to the technology’s accessibility and rapid learning curve. Indonesia intends to integrate cutting-edge technologies such as virtual reality into its day-to-day business operations to achieve its digital transformation objective. Professionals in the aviation industry rely on the role- and context-specific knowledge, skills and attitudes (KSA) to exhibit behaviour indicators and demonstrate that they have met performance requirements. Professionals in the aviation industry have varying levels of experience and skill, so their abilities will also vary.


The Importance of Crew Resource Management in Aviation

Avlon Shiksha Niketan stands out as the leading institute in the Institutes for Aviation Tourism and Hospitality management category. With its exceptional track record and commitment to excellence, Avlon has solidified its reputation as the best aviation college in Kolkata. For the past 11 years, Avlon has worked as a business partner/franchise of APTECH AVIATION & HOSPITALITY ACADEMY, catering to the aviation education needs of aspiring professionals in two major cities, Kolkata and Siliguri, in West Bengal. Among the various aspects that Avlon emphasizes in its comprehensive curriculum, the importance of Crew Resource Management (CRM) in aviation operations takes center stage. This article explores the significance of CRM in ensuring safety and efficiency within the aviation industry, highlighting Avlon Shiksha Niketan’s commitment to equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge in this critical discipline.

I. Understanding Crew Resource Management 

Crew Resource Management (CRM) is an essential concept in aviation that focuses on effective communication, coordination, and collaboration among crew members. It recognizes that aviation operations involve a team of professionals working together to ensure safe and efficient flights. CRM places equal importance on technical skills and human factors, emphasizing the effective utilization of all available resources, including human, equipment, and information resources. By harnessing the power of teamwork and decision-making, CRM contributes significantly to the success of aviation operations.

II. The Key Principles of Crew Resource Management 

A. Communication and Coordination:
Effective communication is vital for transmitting critical information accurately and in a timely manner. Crew members must employ clear, concise, and assertive communication techniques to ensure shared understanding. CRM training provides individuals with the skills to communicate effectively and facilitates seamless coordination among team members.

B. Leadership and Followership:
CRM encourages leadership at all levels of the crew, not just limited to the captain. Each crew member is empowered to take an active role in decision-making, assertive communication, and problem-solving. Followership complements leadership by actively engaging with the team, supporting decisions, and contributing expertise and insights.

C. Situational Awareness:
Maintaining situational awareness is a cornerstone of CRM. It involves having a comprehensive understanding of the aircraft’s status, the operational environment, and potential risks or threats. Crew members with high situational awareness can make informed decisions, anticipate potential issues, and respond effectively to unexpected situations.

D. Decision Making and Problem Solving:
Effective decision making is essential for safe and efficient aviation operations. best aviation college in Kolkata Crew members must be equipped with the skills to assess complex situations, evaluate available options, and make informed decisions promptly. Problem-solving techniques help crew members address challenges and mitigate risks effectively.

E. Teamwork and Mutual Support:
CRM places strong emphasis on teamwork and mutual support. Collaboration among crew members enhances operational efficiency, reduces workload, and promotes a positive work environment. Recognizing each team member’s strengths and expertise fosters a culture of mutual support, leading to better outcomes and increased satisfaction.

III. The Importance of Crew Resource Management for Safety and Efficiency 

A. Safety Enhancement:
CRM plays a crucial role in enhancing safety within the aviation industry. Effective communication and coordination minimize the potential for misunderstandings, errors, and miscommunication, which can have catastrophic consequences. By following standardized communication procedures, crew members can exchange information accurately and efficiently, reducing the risk of accidents.

B. Error Reduction:
CRM techniques help identify and address errors early in the decision-making process. By encouraging assertive communication and providing a supportive environment, crew members can freely express concerns, discuss

Avlon Shiksha Niketan: The Best Aviation College in Kolkata for a Sustainable Future


In the ever-evolving landscape of aviation, aspiring professionals are seeking education from institutions that are not only well-recognized but also focused on innovation and sustainability. One such institution that has emerged as the best aviation college in Kolkata is Avlon Shiksha Niketan. With its state-of-the-art facilities, experienced faculty, and a curriculum centered around sustainable aviation, Avlon Shiksha Niketan is setting the bar high for other aviation colleges in India. In this blog, we will explore what makes Avlon Shiksha Niketan the best aviation college in Kolkata and how it is shaping the future of the aviation industry.

A Commitment to Excellence

Avlon Shiksha Niketan’s commitment to excellence is evident in its comprehensive curriculum, which covers a wide range of subjects, from aviation operations and management to aircraft maintenance and engineering. The college offers various diploma and degree programs, ensuring students are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in their chosen careers. This dedication to academic rigor and practical experience has earned Avlon Shiksha Niketan the reputation of being the best aviation college in Kolkata.

Sustainable Aviation: The Future of the Industry

Recognizing the importance of sustainability in the aviation industry, Avlon Shiksha Niketan has integrated this theme into its curriculum. This focus on sustainable aviation sets it apart from other institutions, making it the best aviation college in Kolkata for those interested in shaping the industry’s future.

1. Alternative Fuels

Avlon Shiksha Niketan emphasizes the study of alternative fuels and their potential impact on the aviation industry. Students learn about various alternative fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen, exploring their benefits, limitations, and the research currently underway to make them more viable.

2. Electric and Hybrid Aircraft

As electric and hybrid aircraft become more prevalent, Avlon Shiksha Niketan ensures its students are well-versed in these technologies. The college explores advancements in electric propulsion systems, energy storage, and the challenges associated with their integration into the existing aviation infrastructure.

3. Air Traffic Management Efficiency

Another critical aspect of sustainable aviation is air traffic management efficiency. Avlon Shiksha Niketan incorporates this subject into its curriculum, teaching students about advanced air traffic management technologies, such as satellite-based navigation and trajectory-based operations, which help reduce fuel consumption and emissions.

4. Eco-Friendly Airport Operations

Avlon Shiksha Niketan also addresses the environmental impact of airport operations, focusing on eco-friendly airport design, waste management, and resource conservation. Students learn about innovative solutions being implemented at airports worldwide to minimize their carbon footprint.

Experienced Faculty and State-of-the-Art Facilities

The experienced faculty at Avlon Shiksha Niketan, consisting of industry veterans and academic experts, is dedicated to providing students with a well-rounded education in aviation. Their expertise ensures that students are exposed to both theoretical knowledge and practical, real-world applications.

The college’s state-of-the-art facilities, including advanced classrooms, laboratories, and workshops, contribute to its status as the best aviation college in Kolkata. These resources provide students with hands-on experience and a thorough understanding of the latest trends and technologies in aviation.

Strong Industry Connections and Placement Opportunities

Avlon Shiksha Niketan’s strong connections to the aviation industry enable students to participate in internships and gain valuable experience working with leading airlines, airports, and aviation service providers. These connections also facilitate excellent placement opportunities, ensuring students are well-prepared to launch successful careers upon graduation.


Avlon Shiksha Niketan’s commitment to excellence, focus on sustainable aviation, experienced faculty, state-of-the-art facilities, and strong

Industry connections make it the best aviation college in Kolkata. By emphasizing the importance of sustainability and innovation, the institution is not only preparing its students for successful careers in the aviation sector but also playing a crucial role in shaping the future of the industry.

As the world increasingly focuses on reducing its carbon footprint and promoting eco-friendly practices, aviation colleges like Avlon Shiksha Niketan are vital in developing the next generation of professionals who will drive sustainable change within the industry. By choosing to study at Avlon Shiksha Niketan, students are setting themselves up for a bright future in a field that is poised for remarkable transformation.

So, if you are an aspiring aviation professional looking for the best aviation college in Kolkata, Avlon Shiksha Niketan should be at the top of your list. With its comprehensive curriculum, dedicated faculty, and unwavering commitment to sustainable aviation, Avlon Shiksha Niketan is the ideal place to begin your journey towards a fulfilling and impactful career in the aviation industry.

How Passenger Service in Airplanes Has Changed over the Years

In December of this year, we will celebrate 120 years since the first human-powered flight. As would be expected, aviation has advanced much since then. It is hard to tell whether the Wright brothers knew what type of cultural change they were launching when they constructed and successfully flew the first motor-operated aircraft in the world. Was it in their minds that planes would one day be able to travel faster than the speed of sound or that they would be able to transport hundreds of passengers across seas while they enjoyed duty-free shopping and on-demand movies?

During the last several decades, the airline business has experienced dramatic change. Air travel has gone a long way from the first commercial flights in the 1920s to the present day. Improvements in technology and customer service have resulted in significant shifts in the way airlines serve their passengers.
For the most part, only the well-to-do could afford to fly in the early days of commercial aviation. Aboard, guests experienced the height of luxury with spa treatments, gourmet meals, and friendly, attentive staff. Access to the skies was formerly limited to the wealthy, but the development of the jet engine in the 1950s and the following expansion of the airline sector made air travel affordable for the masses.
When airlines started serving food to passengers in the air, it was in the 1960s. Travellers may choose from a range of entrees and sides, and the meals were often served on China plates with cutlery. This was a bonus of air travel that the food was often of high quality.
Reduced services were implemented by airlines in the 1970s as a result of the oil crisis and the consequent increase in fuel prices. As a result, the in-flight food service as we know it was phased out. As an alternative, airlines started providing pre-packaged food and beverages. Little packages of pretzels, peanuts, or cookies were distributed to passengers, along with a can of soda or a cup of coffee.
The 1980s saw the development of frequent flyer programmes, which enabled travellers to accumulate points based on the number of flights they took. The accumulated points may be redeemed for a variety of perks, including free flights and room upgrades. It was a game-changer for the airline company since it rewarded customers with their loyalty and encouraged them to fly again.
To pass the time on long flights, airlines started introducing new forms of entertainment in the 1990s. These early systems were cumbersome and costly, but they paved the way for the in-flight entertainment we enjoy today. These days, travellers may view everything from movies to TV series to live TV while they are in the air. You may keep in touch with your online world even when in the air thanks to the Wi-Fi provided by certain airlines.
Improvements in customer service were a major trend of the new millennium. More effort was made to provide individualised service, and airlines began to spend on educating their employees properly. Long-distance flyers may now recline their seats all the way flat in first-class cabins, thanks to the introduction of totally flat beds by several carriers.
During the last several years, airlines have renewed their efforts to improve the flying experience for their customers. Emirates, Singapore Airlines, and Qatar Airways are just a few of the airlines that have raised the bar for in-flight comfort and luxury with their spacious first-class suites, gourmet meals, and attentive staff. Passengers may now choose from a wide variety of movies, TV programmes, and games through touchscreens, a welcome addition to the in-flight experience.
The service provided to airline passengers has advanced greatly from the early days of aviation. Airline companies are always on the lookout for methods to better serve their customers, and technology plays a crucial part in this effort. Airlines are using technology to provide a stress-free travel experience for their customers from the time they first book their tickets to the minute they disembark.
You may check-in online and print your boarding card from home, as is the case with many airlines nowadays. As a result, you would not have to wait in large queues at the airport, which will save you time. It is now possible to check in, choose a seat, and monitor the status of a flight all from a passenger’s smartphone with the use of an app offered by certain airlines.
The development of passenger service has been greatly aided by technological advancements. Now, passengers may use their mobile devices to check in, get their boarding tickets, and connect to the internet while in the air. With their mobile devices, passengers may monitor their flights in real-time and get information as they happen. Because of this, taking a flight is now a much more straightforward and easy experience for travellers.
The advent of self-service kiosks in public spaces like airports is another game-changer. Airports are increasingly adopting self-service kiosks where travellers may check-in, print boarding cards, and even check their luggage without interacting with an employee. Because of this, we have seen substantially shorter lines at check-in and are able to process passengers more quickly.
The quality of in-flight shows has also risen to new heights throughout the years. Flyers may now choose from a large library of films, television programmes, and musical selections to keep them occupied during their journey. Virtual reality headsets are being offered by several airlines so that travellers may immerse themselves in a different world while in the air.
There have been several major changes in how passengers are served aboard aircraft during the course of their history. The airline business has gone a long way from its spartan, unpleasant beginnings to its modern, plush, and individualised interiors and amenities. As airlines are in a constant state of competition for customers, we may anticipate further developments and enhancements aimed at bettering the flying experience.

Upcoming Big Changes in Aviation Tourism


The rate of technological development in the current period is unprecedented in human history. The aviation sector is experiencing the same technology change as almost every other industry today. The airline business has not only changed
the way we travel but also reduced the time it takes to get around the globe to a matter of hours. The modern airline sector transports millions of people annually and is responsible for the shipment of one-third of global commerce. The airline business is no longer what it once was, thanks to rising passenger numbers and cutting-edge technological advancements.

Sustainable Aviation

The aviation industry is one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To mitigate the environmental impact, the industry is turning towards sustainable aviation. Sustainable aviation includes the use of biofuels, electric aircraft, and other innovative technologies to reduce carbon emissions. The development of electric aircraft has been ongoing, and we may see the first commercial electric planes in operation in the next few years. The use of sustainable aviation technology will not only reduce carbon emissions, but it will also create a more comfortable and efficient travel experience for passengers.

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality (VR) is a game-changer in the tourism industry. It allows people to experience places and attractions without actually being there physically. In the aviation tourism sector, virtual reality could be used to provide passengers with an immersive experience of their destination before they even leave their homes. Passengers could explore their destinations, book tours and activities, and even choose their hotel rooms in virtual reality.

Artificial Intelligence

Many sectors are using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve decision-making and increase productivity. In the aviation business, AI might be utilised to enhance the passenger experience via the customization of travel experiences. AI might be used to analyse passenger data and preferences to recommend pertinent in-flight entertainment, meals, and other services. It might also be used to forecast aircraft delays and provide alternate travel choices.

Hyperloop Travel

Hyperloop travel is a new technology that has the potential to fundamentally alter the way we travel. A high-speed train travelling through a vacuum-sealed tunnel is central to the idea. The train is propelled by magnetic levitation and is capable of speeds up to 700 miles per hour. This technology might be utilised to offer quick and effective transportation for short-distance trips, hence eliminating the demand for air travel.

Autonomous Aviation

Autonomous aviation refers to the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones for passenger transportation. The technology is already being used for cargo transportation, but the potential for passenger transport is enormous. Autonomous aviation could provide cost-effective transportation for short-haul flights, reducing congestion at airports and improving the passenger experience. However, there are still challenges to be addressed, such as safety and regulation.

Space Tourism

The notion of space tourism is not new, but it is gradually becoming a reality. SpaceX and Blue Origin are among the companies attempting to achieve commercial space travel. Those who can afford it might have a trip experience, unlike any other thanks to this technology. Since it generates new employment and income sources, space tourism might have a substantial effect on the economy.

Biometric Identification 

Biometric identification refers to the use of biometric data, such as fingerprints and facial recognition, to identify passengers. The technology is already being used at some airports to speed up the check-in process. In the future, biometric identification could be used throughout the entire travel experience, from check-in to boarding and baggage collection. The technology could improve security and reduce wait times for passengers.

The next significant developments in aviation tourism are expected to revolutionise the way we travel and experience the globe. Sustainable aviation, virtual reality, artificial intelligence, hyperloop travel, autonomous aircraft, space tourism, and biometric identification are a few of the upcoming technologies that may have a big influence on the business. To provide a more pleasurable and responsible travel experience as the industry continues to grow, it is necessary to emphasise sustainability and passenger comfort. 

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Gets a Special Mention in Bringing Massive Changes in Aviation, Tourism and Hospitality Sector

Since the coronavirus outbreak in 2020, the civil aviation, tourist, and hospitality industries have been among the most impacted, as mounting COVID-19 infections and the ensuing limitations and norms of social distance have led to a significant decline in their development. The sectors are still attempting to reach their pre-pandemic levels of performance. Yet, 2022 ushered in an era of revitalization as travel restrictions were lifted across the world, and people almost overcompensated for spending nearly two years confined to their homes. During the COVID-19 pandemic, travel declined drastically; airline revenues dropped by 60% in 2020, and it is not projected that air traffic and tourism will recover to their 2019 levels until 2024. Following a decade of consistent rise in passenger traffic, the pandemic had a devastating effect on air travel.

According to Airports Council International, international air traffic instantly decreased by about 100%, and reservations for 2020 have decreased by more than 60%. Throughout the pandemic, there was no increase in concern over carbon emissions from aviation, perhaps due in part to the dramatic drop in air traffic. During the pandemic, all types of travel, particularly high-yielding business travel, declined, causing GDS suppliers to experience economic losses in 2020. As a means of mitigating rising cost constraints and establishing a direct relationship with their consumers, airlines — the primary clients of GDS suppliers — have endeavoured to move more traffic to their channels. Nevertheless, such efforts have delivered mixed results for airlines, since the bulk of business travel, the highest-yielding passenger category, is booked through indirect channels, to the advantage of GDS suppliers.

Skill-set Required in Post-COVID Aviation Education

COVID-19 has identified and exaggerated the consequences of significant problems with the current aviation education system, which must be addressed by extending skill sets, incorporating new technologies, and enhancing job prospects. Future aviation graduates must possess a skill set inextricably linked to the industry’s constant evolution. To achieve pandemic-resilient aviation, COVID-19 has shed light on several future workforce skills that may become essential. Future aviation employees will need to be able to effectively manage ambiguity and possibility. Numerous factors, including economic concerns and a lack of information/guidance, contribute to the unreadiness of the aviation industry for anticipated shocks. The inability to predict the probability and magnitude of such infrequent occurrences is a fundamental flaw.

Similarly, the cumulative response to COVID-19 over time has demonstrated that a substantial portion of the population, regardless of academic training, lacks a fundamental understanding of simple concepts such as exponential growth, phase transitions, and other fundamentals of mathematics and statistical physics. To produce an aviation workforce capable of preparing their companies for a pandemic-resilient future, these skills must be taught throughout undergraduate education. Consequently, aviation stakeholders must be better educated in system thinking, considering the nontrivial interactions between a system’s components rather than maximising a single component.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the ability to deal with virtual and augmented reality was revealed to be an undervalued skill. This begins with modest but chaotic video conferencing arrangements that persist for more than a year after the outbreak. Future technologies in virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR) will significantly increase the entry barriers for prospective workers. Physical access to meetings and aviation equipment will always be a concern, particularly in the context of social distance limitations and travel restrictions. Numerous jobs that require physical access today will likely be performed in the future by small, semi-autonomous vehicles or robots, creating new learning opportunities. These robots must be controlled and monitored by humans using virtual and augmented reality to interact with their surroundings. The essential competencies emphasise human-machine and machine-machine interaction, alongside the acquisition of new methods to comprehend spatial and temporal representations. In a profit-driven enterprise, physical presence will outperform remote employment when these skills are lacking.

In addition to these technical skills, we believe that pandemic-resistant aircraft require a set of soft skills. Sustainable aviation requires a sense of social responsibility, which initially appears to be diametrically opposed to a profit-driven mindset. The second finding is likely one of the leading reasons why aviation stakeholders are reluctant to plan for a sustainable future. However, as a result of significant societal shifts, especially among the younger generations, future airline passengers will be more aware of issues such as climate effects and sustainable mobility. Therefore, airlines may need to adjust their business strategies to attract and retain the loyalty of these younger passengers. Motivated by various societal and personal factors, one of the businesses (either an existing one or a new one) may rush towards this rapidly expanding market of sustainability-conscious individuals. Thus, the economic argument should not be used to oppose the change in aviation; rather, this change should be encouraged by enhancing the workforce’s social competencies. Similarly, it has been suggested that aviation managers require a higher level of business acumen to facilitate pandemic-resistant aviation.

Last but not least, we wish to emphasise cultural sensitivity and communication/consensus-building skills. The ongoing COVID-19 epidemic has revealed a significant sociological trend: our global society is leaning toward a resurgence of strong nationalism; crises invariably cause context changes. COVID-19 may be viewed as a multi-layered disease, in which the medical illness caused by the virus is accompanied by a disease spreading from the breakdown of institutions and a change in the environment. It is not surprising that some groups, notably far-right movements, utilise the collapse of institutions and the political virus to develop new hate models and shift towards a stronger nationalism.

In light of the widespread use of social media, which allows these organisations to operate as a single entity and defame others, these tendencies pose a fundamental threat to our society. Given the global and interconnected nature of air transportation, we propose that its employees should be taught and educated in soft skills to facilitate peaceful and fruitful interactions with people of different cultures. Currently, airlines are working towards reopening; however, the primary motivation is not to restore global connectivity, but rather to resume normal operations (and profits) as soon as possible. Efforts to stop the spread of extreme nationalism must be significantly increased. With a significant increase in cultural knowledge and constructive dialogue among global actors, we anticipate that the capacity to reach compromises and agreements would be significantly increased.

Aviation is unique in its need for company-specific talents. As a result, it is difficult for educational institutions to produce aviation professionals who are fully certified, immediately employable, and proficient. Every industry, from airlines to manufacturing, has its own culture, operating procedures, and safety standards. Governments, educational institutions, industry participants, and regulators must therefore engage in complex coordination and interaction to improve the skill sets of aviation professionals. If any of these stakeholders are excluded, the likelihood of achieving long-term and sustainable education solutions will be severely diminished.
Regarding the required skill set, a significant mismatch between educational providers and clients has been identified. So long as educational institutions refuse to acknowledge and address their deficiencies in practice-based education, the path to a superior education will remain blocked. Recent research in the educational field indicates that today’s and tomorrow’s students require significantly more interaction in the classroom, which contradicts the concept of remote and solitary study. This setting has emphasised using games as instructional learning aids for several years. The justification for this is that such games frequently have an extremely motivating effect; they encourage participation without monetary compensation. This type of gamification has not yet altered education for various reasons. Creating a highly engaging educational game is a costly and time-consuming endeavour. Given that a single game frequently focuses on a small number of specialised skills, the perceived benefits are less than the costs. In addition to aviation knowledge, the game’s designers must have a background in human-computer interface and psychology.

List of Top Technologies Trending in the Aviation Industry

The rate of technological development in the current period is unprecedented in human history. The aviation sector is experiencing the same technology change as almost every other industry today. The airline business has not only changed
the way we travel but also reduced the time it takes to get around the globe to a matter of hours. The modern airline sector transports millions of people annually and is responsible for the shipment of one-third of global commerce. The airline business is no longer what it once was, thanks to rising passenger numbers and cutting-edge technological advancements.

Cloud Technologies

Transport via air, and commercial airliners, in particular, necessitates the immediate, or at least very near to instantaneous, data transmission. More than anything else, cloud technologies make possible the success of other innovations in the aviation sector, including many that will be discussed in further detail below. The efficiency and safety of cloud-based technologies are becoming more vital than ever in the aviation industry as artificial intelligence (AI) and big data play an ever-growing role.

Blockchain Technology

Given the prominence achieved by blockchain technology in the finance industry, it is seeing a broad variety of applications in other sectors as well. The airline sector has recently begun to see the value of blockchain technology. French airline Air France has recently discussed its interest in blockchain technology to streamline internal operations. To label it a fad would be unfair since it represents a truly disruptive force that must be taken into account by intermediaries in the aviation sector and beyond.


Drones have garnered huge appeal among recreational, and therefore, are gradually becoming more and more inexpensive. Amazon is ahead of the competition in the “Game of Drones” and making significant strides. A look at Amazon’s new patent on the usage of a flying warehouse reveals the direction in which the company is going. Uber’s white paper on the viability of ultra-short-haul commercial flying in the urban realm, published a few months ago, reveals similar objectives.

Virtual/Augmented Reality (VR and AR)

Virtual Reality (VR) is commonly connected with glasses that transport you to a virtual world where your actual motions are transferred to the virtual world. However, it is more probable that Augmented Reality (AR) will make its way into the airline and airport industries. The augmented and virtual reality revolution is being put to use in a wide variety of fields. As expected, the airline sector is following suit. Right now, one of the most apparent uses of these technologies can be anticipated to be seen in the airport area, in which the airport experience may be improved with the aid of AR/VR-based apps.

AI (Chatbots)

If things really go to hell in a handbasket, a traveller will need to download the apps of their car rental agency, airline, departure airport, connecting airport, destination airport, and hotel. As AI becomes more mainstream, businesses are integrating technology into their operations to better serve their customers at every interaction. There is a plethora of applications for artificial intelligence, from chatbots to voice-based AI systems. The aviation sector is aware of AI’s potential to help them advance technologically. Several airlines with a keen eye on the future have already begun investing in artificial intelligence because of the widespread potential of these technologies.

Beacons Technology

There was a time when pinpointing the position of humans and other moving objects inside buildings was thought to be impossible. As the strength of satellite signals is typically inadequate and the precision is insufficient when used inside, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) are not suitable for use in these environments. Beacons are becoming more popular, and airports and airlines will certainly begin employing them to improve and personalise the services they provide to customers. Also, with the aid of Beacons, airports and retailers on airport grounds may track the location of passengers and give them targeted communications based on their specific needs and interests. These notifications may inform the user of the current location of nearby stores and restaurants and their flight status.


A link between the airline industry and digital IDs based on biometrics has existed since 2001, while U.S. law required biometrics for entrance and leave. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic has only sped up the adoption pace, and there are always emerging cases of new use. SITA claims that by 2024, 60% of airports will have invested in biometric solutions and that airlines will have spent an additional $2 billion on biometric boarding. Numerous businesses have used biometric authentication systems, such as fingerprint scanners, eye scanners, and facial recognition software, to ensure identity and prevent fraud. Biometric technology was employed during airport check-in, customs procedure, and on-boarding operations, and will be used in the future for the luggage claim procedure in the airline industry. 

Big Data Analytics 

The term “big data” is used to describe huge datasets (both organized and unstructured) that exceed the capabilities of conventional database management systems. As a result of advancements in big data technologies, businesses can now use massive amounts of both internal and external data to innovate existing offerings and streamline processes, opening up new markets for their wares. Using the wealth of information available today, airlines can better meet the needs of their consumers and remain competitive in a cutthroat industry. United Airlines, for one, use a sophisticated “collect, detect, act” system to analise over 150 characteristics in the customer profile, such as their past purchases, preferences, etc., to give them personalized offers. After using this approach, United Airlines saw a 15% increase in revenue YoY. In addition, predictive analytics applied to this information may improve operating efficiency even more.

Although technology is improving and the industry is making strides to adopt it, the best-laid plans might fail if not properly implemented. It is essential to do extensive testing prior to acceptance and implementation. However, it goes without saying that incorporating the incorporation of these technologies in the Aviation Industry has been serving as a significant enhancer of the modern-day consumer experience. 

Integrated Impact of Aviation and Tourism on the Economy

Many developing nations depend heavily on tourism as a means of economic growth, and this is especially true for outlying areas that are too distant from major metropolitan areas to support themselves without a constant influx of visitors. It is safe to assume that without tourist spending, their economies would suffer greatly. A wide range of industries, most notably the tourist industry, are impacted by the actions of the aviation industry. Air travel’s facilitation of greater connection is a driving force in the expansion of the tourist industry, which in turn generates considerable economic gains for all parties involved.

It is no secret that the travel industry and the airline industry both contribute significantly to a thriving economy. Instead of diminishing the world’s natural resources, tourism that is both responsible and sustainable helps to preserve and appreciate them, creating valuable employment in the service sector. The economic advantages of tourism are undeniable, but it is the responsibility of businesses and governments to minimise any negative effects on the environment and the local community.

How do tourism and aviation combine to support sustainable growth in the economy?

Out of the overall $2.7 trillion in economic activity sustained by aircraft, more than $892 billion is directly tied to tourism. It is simple to see why air travel is so important to the tourism business when one considers that 54% of all foreign travellers use it to get to their destination. Twenty-seven million people’s livelihoods were directly or indirectly attributed to the aviation industry 20 years ago when its entire economic effect was projected at USD 1.36 trillion (1998). Since then, as more and more people have gained access to low-cost air travel, aviation’s role in the contemporary economy has expanded dramatically. The aviation business is responsible for 3.6% of global GDP, or USD 2.7 trillion, and directly or indirectly sustains 65.5 million employments globally, as per the latest current estimate (2016).

The aviation industry is a facilitator for other sectors since its operations and supply chains (both direct and indirect) contribute to its ability to generate income and jobs, both induced and tourism-catalytic. Aviation has an outsized role in several regions, especially when it comes down to the regional scale. It is difficult to see the economy of some nations thriving without the influx of visitors provided by air travel. Air travel and the tourist industry have a mutually beneficial connection that results in the creation of almost 37 million jobs and a yearly increase of around USD 897 billion in global GDP. When you add all the indirect employment that was made possible by the aviation industry and aviation-enabled tourism, you get 6.4 global jobs for every direct job. In a similar vein, for every dollar of GVA, the aviation industry generated, it indirectly supported an additional $3.80 in economic activity.

Other economic advantages of aviation, like employment or economic activity created when businesses or industries may exist because of convenient access to the air, are not accounted for in these estimations. They also fail to account for the importance of fast and reliable air travel to the development of long-term productive assets that fuel economic expansion, along with the value of domestic tourism and trade and the simulated foreign direct investment (FDI) made possible by reliable air transport links. There would be a significant rise in employment and global economic effect if they were included. One may expect a multiplicative effect on the demand for firms that support the aviation industry from the demand for air travel itself. The convenience of flying is a boon to the tourist industry.

The growth of the tourism business in popular destinations like the Hawaiian Islands is directly attributable to the ease and low cost with which visitors may travel to and from the islands. When more people can fly to a destination, more hotels and holiday tour companies open up shop there, as do allied service industries like the catering industry and the retail sector selling necessities like toilet paper and soap. What is meant by the term “economic multiplier” is the additional growth that results from an industry, such as the aviation sector. The direct economic benefit of aircraft transportation on a local economy is typically about $2 billion, leading to a total economic effect of $5 billion, or an economic multiplier of 2.5.

Current estimates by the inter-industry Air Transport Action Group (ATAG) place the worldwide aviation industry’s overall economic effect (direct, induced, indirect, and tourism-connected) at USD2.7 trillion, or around 3.5% of global GDP in 2014. Transportation in general is dependent on aeroplanes, but the travel industry is especially reliant on them. Air travel boosts the economy and reduces poverty by making vacationing more accessible. Roughly 1.2 billion visitors travel internationally annually, with air travel accounting for more than half of these arrivals. More than 36 million tourism-related employment were supported by aviation in 2014, and the industry as a whole contributed over $892 billion to global GDP.

Air travel is crucial to international trade since it is the only fast, global transportation network. The expansion of the economy, the emergence of new employment opportunities, and the easing of travel and commerce across countries are all direct results of this phenomenon. Aviation’s role as a commerce facilitator means that more companies may sell their goods throughout the world. Better buyer-seller communication and just-in-time inventory management, as well as build-to-order manufacturing, are made possible by this system.

The airline industry is a liberating force that has a profound impact on people’s lives all across the globe. Stronger air connectivity, which in turn drives even more social and economic success, is possible with the correct policy framework from governments. Through the employment of locals in tourism businesses, the provision of products and services to visitors, the operation of small and community-based companies, etc., poverty may be alleviated if air transport is used to assist tourism sustainably. To achieve this goal, we must keep commerce and travel lanes open and make wise choices about the creation of adequate, resource-friendly infrastructure.

Augmented Reality: The Game Changer in Aviation Training

An aircraft cannot fly safely without a group of extremely skilled crew members on board for optimal maintenance of flight conditions. Therefore, it is of utmost priority that these crew members can access necessary training. The thumb rule of aviation training is that the process should include dealing with diverse scenarios that can arise during a flight. The last decade has witnessed a revolutionary rise of Augmented Reality (AR) in the aviation industry as a tool to train individuals. It also, to some extent, seemingly determines the future course of aviation training. The technology has become so widespread that the aggregate investment in AR directed aviation training is projected to be over billion dollars in the 2020s.

The global economy has been looking to increase operational efficacy and safety training measures via the use of new technologies, and this has accelerated the pace at which AR has been adopted in recent years. AR will have a significant influence on the aviation business, where training is of crucial importance. Rapid progress is being made in the field of AR technology today, and its impact is being seen in fields other than aviation.

By enabling the development of novel mixed reality environments that serve as a medium for acquiring job-related skills, AR has the potential to revolutionise aerospace/aviation training. Using machine vision and computer graphics technologies, AR creates a mixed reality world where physical and digital things coexist in seamless, three-dimensional settings. The use of AR (AR) to create augmented sceneries inside a highly remembered framework may supplement human information processing, and this supplement can manifest itself in training efficiency relevant to a broad range of work-related activities. It is very uncommon for training facilities to run short of high-priced resources like engines and other necessary components for the trainees to practise on. AR allows for immersive on-the-job training that may boost productivity. They may take the course as many times as they want at no extra cost in order to master the material.

The technology can be utilised in numerous ways. AR generates real-time data regarding navigation, terrain, air-traffic and weather with relative ease and therefore facilitates the decision-making process. This technology has demonstrably enhanced the quality of take-offs and landing by mitigating/reducing risk factors associated with flight. The fundamental ability of AR is to fetch and present accurate information when needed. Pilots access the visual representation of this information, often over-layered in three-dimensional graphics, which is not only straightforward to comprehend but also easy to retain.

Training ground staff using AR is a possibility. Maintenance staff may employ interactive inspection guidelines with digital arrows and labels to guarantee that their task is completed without a trace of mistake, and aviation engineers could use AR glasses to mimic and test installation operations.

In the aviation industry, Manifest is used by ground staff using AR headsets like Magic Leap or Microsoft HoloLens to complete jobs and record proof of any problems or anomalies. The Job Board keeps a record of all relevant job information, including proof and ratings, so that it may be accessed and reviewed from anywhere at any time. The United States Air Force, for one, has discovered that by adopting Manifest, the most experienced aircraft maintainers can train new employees without actually being present, resulting in a much shorter training period and a higher rate of success for the trainees and a greater number of always-ready aircraft.

Improved precision and uniformity in training, as well as in regular maintenance and inspection, are all ways in which Manifest’s AR work instruction software for aeroplane maintenance improves security. With Manifest, both commercial and private aviation maintenance technicians may use AR to better check and service their planes. Manifest’s comprehensive help information complements the app’s hands-free work instructions. Based on the findings of a recent USAF research, it is clear that the Manifest AR platform may greatly increase technicians’ precision and productivity in their work. Technicians who used Manifest made 53% fewer mistakes/discrepancies, whereas technicians who used conventional techniques were 57% more likely to wrongly install artwork than technicians who used Manifest. There was no appreciable lag between conventional and AR material in terms of job completion timeframes, and there were also no appreciable gains in efficiency due to the addition of AR.

Before a flight takes off, the crew needs to satisfy several specific conditions. The head mounted display (HMD) integrates AR and produces a “virtual checklist”. Once the pre-flight checks are done, the head mounted display fetches the runway related information and guides the pilots to their respective runways. The extensive use of this technology in the training process develops a feeling for different pre-flight scenarios; thus, allowing them to deal with these situations efficiently. On the other hand, when acquiring the craft of landing a flight, the AR-technology can offer assistance for demonstrating the correct path. Due to landing and taking off being the riskiest parts of flying, it is of incredible use to be capable of training with this technology. AR systems can assist to address emergencies when the flight comes closer to the ground, instruct pilots regarding the necessities and mitigate substantial threats of landings and take-offs.

Two pilot projects were created by Japan Airlines to test the viability of AR (AR) education for professionals in the aircraft sector. Both the flight crew and the engineering staff use HoloLens, but each has its own custom application. An AR (AR) cockpit or an immersive engine model allow learners to understand how everything works from a variety of perspectives without the need for mock-ups or printouts. With the use of AR, aviation training may be made more interesting and participatory for students. Learning with AR improves long-term retention by decreasing the amount of material lost between instant recall and long-term retention assessment by seven days. Due to human variability, the possibility of enhanced learning performance, and considerable reductions in training time, more study in the area of AR applications for training is important.

Future of Aviation and Tourism Industry Lies in Blockchain Technology

Thanks to its inherent technical features, blockchain offers verifiability, transparency, and security of environmental attributes of SAF.

Sabine Brink, Shell’s blockchain lead

Recently, both practitioners and academics have shown a great deal of interest in blockchain technology. Still, a number of solutions to enhance many industries have already been developed. Efforts are being undertaken to develop more collaborative and integrated cities. This has the potential to give more efficient and productive ways to live, work, and network via integrative platforms connecting many stakeholders. For example, a venture that has taken the leap to the pilot phase as an ambitious project between Shell, Amex and Accenture is aimed at enhancing the availability and utilisation of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).

Through the use of blockchain technology, tourism and hospitality enterprises will be able to handle transactions connected to sales, operations, finance, and administration, as well as interact with external parties, including the government. It might help the development of sustainable hospitality and travel industry, which cannot be realised without the cooperation of all stakeholders.

International Air Transport Association (IATA) has listed blockchain in their research, Future of the Airline Industry 2035, as one of the technologies that might significantly influence the future of air transportation among other change agents, such as new forms of consumption and the privatisation of infrastructure.
Blockchain is a distributed database consisting of a list of transaction bundles, known as blocks that are interconnected. In a complex decentralised method, once these blocks are recognised as part of the overall chain, they cannot be modified simply. In order to modify a single block, every subsequent block would also need to be modified, making modification almost impossible. The blockchain is not administered by a central authority; rather, the technology consists of a peer-to-peer network, wherein decentralised servers store copies of the entire blockchain. The so-called miners contribute to the process of adding and confirming new data. They tackle a computationally challenging challenge to add and validate the data and are subsequently compensated for providing their resources. Each new block introduced to the chain carries a unique identifier, the hash, depending on the blocks that came before it; this enables more precise data monitoring and better security. Diverse blockchain-based systems use so-called smart contracts that allow the reliable completion of online contracts between unidentified parties. There is the potential for cryptocurrency transactions and smart contracts to disrupt numerous sectors, including hospitality and tourism.

Typically, the introduction of new technology is accompanied by a great deal of hype. As blockchain matures, it has the potential to have a similarly disruptive effect as the Internet had when it first emerged. The objective of the web was to facilitate the global flow of information; the promise of blockchain is to facilitate the frictionless movement of value across digital channels. The strategy IATA has adopted is, to begin with, the requirements of the client, then addressing their pain areas and chances to offer additional value. IATA has conducted research and development (R&D) on this technology over the last five years, beginning with prototypes and, in some instances testing in a production setting where a compelling use case existed.

Numerous airlines and their collaborators have been concurrently testing the blockchain technology in a number of application scenarios. Initial advancements are tangible enough to motivate additional research and consider prototypes’ alternatives.

The majority of the present systems used to handle data in the aviation industry are centralised and do not adequately provide trustworthy data provenance, immutability, openness, auditability, and traceability.

Blockchain is an innovative and disruptive technology with the promise to offer trustworthy transparency, accessibility, traceability, and immutability for recorded and shared data and transactions in a decentralised and secure way that does not rely on a trusted third party.

Currently, blockchain technology is through a period in which its maturity increases and its tangible advantages become more apparent. Nevertheless, it is still not obvious how to utilise the advantages in the context of an applicable use case when this technology is the optimal answer. The classification of a vast array of use cases continuously reveals the creation of clusters around a few application domains, with many use cases using Tokenisation and Smart Contracts. There are several reasons why this technology is ideally positioned as a solution to both commercial and non-business issues. However, there are still a few significant obstacles that must be addressed before widespread adoption can occur. The primary challenges have been recognised as scalability, governance, and cost of use.

While blockchain applications for air transportation are still in their beginnings, the 2018 Air Transport IT Insights study by Société Internationale de Télécommunications Aéronautiques (SITA) indicates that 59% of airlines are funding the technology through pilot or research projects, which is up from 42% in 2017.
Nowadays, airlines depend on third parties to store and exchange passenger and operating data. This comprises passenger and sales data, reconciling, and luggage information that is maintained in silos that cannot interact with one another. Blockchain is here to eliminate this barrier, reducing the provider’s dependency on middlemen and allowing for quicker automated transaction processing, real-time information exchange, and less system maintenance. New, immediate payment networks based on blockchain technology, electronic wallets, as well as other innovations are transforming the future of payments.

The value chain of the aviation sector is naturally very collaborative, with numerous partnerships between service providers orchestrating the supply of travel-related goods and services. Smart contracts have the ability to facilitate the simplification of interactions between businesses, specifically to disrupt procedures like billing, reconciling, settlements, and accounting.

Blockchain has actual advantages, but to maximise these benefits, the first approach ought to be solution-driven discovery, analysis, and deployment, with an open mind toward alternative options throughout the process. Furthermore, several design possibilities pertaining to the kind and configuration of blockchain must be properly evaluated and contrasted. The suggested course of action is to examine blockchain as one of the viable options for the sustainable future of the aviation sector in every aspect.